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Niles, Ohio Ku Klux Klan Riot of 1924...
Item # 692783
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November 02, 1924
CHICAGO SUNDAY TRIBUNE, Nov. 2, 1924
* Niles, Trumbull County, Ohio
* Ku Klux Klan - KKK anti Catholic riots
* Knights of the Flaming Circle
The front page has a nice banner headline: "TROOPS QUELL KLAN RIOTS" with subheads. (see) Nice for display.
Complete 1st section only with 16 pages, light toning and some wear at the margins, should be handled with care.
wikipedia notes: Niles' location in the Mahoning Valley, a center of steel production, ensured that the community would become a destination for immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe in the early 20th century. Dramatic demographic change fueled ethnic and religious tension throughout the northern United States following World War I, and Niles proved to be no exception to this trend. In the 1920s, regional chapters of the Ku Klux Klan targeted Niles because of its large Catholic population. The Klan marched through the center of Niles in May 1924, and attempted another march in June of the same year. When violence forced the Klan to cancel the second march, the event was rescheduled for November 1, 1924. The local mayor's ultimate decision to issue the Klan a permit for the march outraged many of the community's Italian- and Irish-American residents.
In response to the scheduled Klan march, an anti-Klan organization, the Knights of the Flaming Circle, pledged to hold their own parade of 10,000 participants on the same day. On October 29, the mayor's house was bombed, due to his refusal to revoke the permit. Tensions escalated from this point on, and the city gained national attention due to the impending marches. Despite the city's pleas for assistance from the militia, they were denied. The result was 18 hours of full-blown rioting. Control was brought to the town, requiring 10 days of martial law. Between the Klan and anti-Klan participants, 104 people were indicted.
Category: The 20th Century