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Fate of Col. Hayne... The Asgill Affair... Keep fighting, or not

Item # 687347

May 02, 1782


* American Revolutionary War

The front page begins with a lengthy report headed: "Office of Finance" signed by: Robert Morris
Page 2 begins with a very fine & detailed letter from Col. Stewart to Earl Cornwallis dated Sept. 9, 1781, being an account of the Battle of Eutaw Springs, South Carolina, as reported in the London Gazette. The first paragraph notes: "...have the honor to inform your Lordship that on the 8th inst. I was attacked by the rebel General Greene with all the force he could collect in this province and North Carolina; and after an obstinate engagement, which lasted near two hours, I totally defeated him and took two six pounders..." with much more.
Then a report from the House of Peers notes in part: "...a person of the name of Longmason, a Loyalist under the protection ofo the forces at Charlestown...call attention to the fate of the unhappy colonel Hayne, who had been put to death...without any legal inquiry...heard and read much of a proclamation made by general Greene in which he threatens to retaliate upon our officers the punishment undergone by Colonel Hayne..." with more.
Col. Isaac Hayne was one of the most prominent Americans to be executed by the British during the Revolutionary War.
Page 3 has s lengthy letter from Freehold, New Jersey, concerning the case of Captain Joshua Huddy, beginning: "Last 
Saturday was brought to this place the corpse of captain Joshua Huddy, who was...most barbarously and unwarrantably hanged at Middletown Point by a party of refugees. This murder was attended with so much deliberate injustice and wanton cruelty that the circumstances ought to be preserved and made public..."
followed by great detail on this case.
Following his capture, Huddy was controversially executed by irregular Loyalist forces. His execution was noted for precipitating one of the first international incidents of the newly independent United States. To retaliate for Huddy's execution, many Patriots petitioned for the retaliatory execution of a captive British officer, Charles Asgill, which would have violated the terms of the Articles of Capitulation. This came to be known as the Asgill Affair. Pressure was put on the Americans to show the officer mercy, and ultimately the Congress of the Confederation voted to order his release.
Another report includes: "...brought advice of the full determination of the British cabinet to pursue the war with redoubled vigor.." but then: "...advices...that in consequence of the disturbances among the people of England, the parliament had declared the United States of America independent, that Lord Germain & six others...had been displaced...that sir Henry Clinton is recalled...".
The back page has an ad for "Haym Salomon, Broker", a noted Jewish financier of the war era.
Four pages, archivally strengthened at the blank spine, some minor tears and chips at margins & upper corners, a few small archival mends.

Category: Revolutionary War