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Earliest use of the term 'underground railroad' we have discovered...

Item # 684244

August 28, 1850

SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE, New York, Aug. 28, 1850 

* Slavery - slaves - pre-Civil War tensions
* Rare "Underground Railroad" mention

The front page has an article: "From The Plains" which is a great letter concerning those traveling across the country, including Mormons heading to Utah. A few bits include: "The Gold Diggers have all disappeared among the Black Hills...The Mormons are now pushing along--100 wagons have passed to-day. There will be about 850 Mormon wagons that will go out this season to the Valley of the Salt Lake..." with more.
Page 4 has: "Slave Stampedes--Mr. Pratt's Proposition..." which is from Baltimore, and notes in part: "...in reference to the abduction, or stampedes of slaves from this state...some 35 slaves absconded from their masters in Prince George County...successful and otherwise of slaves to reach Pennsylvania. The 'underground Railroad' has done a great business in Maryland, Virginia...No efforts have been spared on the part of slave owners to put a stop to this stampeding..." with much more on this.
This is the earliest use of the term "underground railroad" we have found in a newspaper.
Page 5 has several articles concerning slaves: "Arrest of Alleged Fugitive Slaves" "Escape of Negroes--Trial for Horse-Stealing" "Travelers Northward" and "Capture of Slaves". And then page 7 has: "More Runaway Slaves".
Eight pages, very nice condition.

Category: Pre-Civil War