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Beginning moments of the Civil War... Jeff Davis Proclamation on creating a navy, and more...

Item # 684210

April 19, 1861

THE WILMINGTON DAILY HERALD, North Carolina, April 19, 1861 

* Civil War beginning
* Jefferson Davis proclamation
* Rare Confederate publication

Wilmington was a major Atlantic Ocean port city for the Confederacy during the Civil War, and was one of the last ports to fall to Union forces in 1865. It ranked equal in size to Atlanta according to the 1860 census, and was a major point of entry for supplies for the entire Confederacy, exporting cotton & tobacco in exchange for munitions, clothing & food. As such it was barricaded by Union forces during the war, but blockade runners had some success in getting supplies through. It is just 170 miles north of Charleston, where the Civil War began.
Neighboring South Carolina was the first state to leave the union in Dec., 1860, and although North Carolina did not officially secede until after the bombing of Fort Sumter its political sympathies were strongly with the South ever since talk of secession began. Note that this issue was printed the day before the bombing of Fort Sumter began.
The front page is entirely taken up with ads besides the "Directory - State Government". Page 2 has a significant: "Proclamation Of President Davis" which begins: "Whereas Abraham Lincoln, the President of the United States, has by Proclamation announced the intention of invading this Confederacy with an armed force for the purpose of capturing its fortresses, & thereby subverting the independence, & subjecting the free people thereof to the dominion of a foreign power..." with much more, and signed in type: Jefferson Davis. A notable document in which Jeff Davis advertises for various vessels to sign on to the Confederacies with "letters of marque", and more (see photos).  This is followed by an interesting item concerning "Capt. Doubleday" (see photos). Other war content on page 2 as well.
Pages 3 & 4 are primarily taken up with advertisements. Four pages, in very nice, clean condition.

Category: Confederate