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General Fremont issues his own Emancipation Proclamation...



Item # 675318

September 02, 1861

NEW YORK TRIBUNE, Sept. 2, 1861  Certainly the most notable content is the page 4 report with column heads: "Gen. Fremont's Proclamation" "Martial Law In Missouri" "All Rebels Taken in arms to be Shot" "Rebels' Property Confiscated" "Slaves of Rebels Declared Free" issued from St. Louis, Aug. 31, 1861. The full text of the Proclamation is here, signed in type: J. C. Fremont.
The same page has a lengthy editorial headed: "Gen. Fremont's Proclamation" which discusses the situation at great length.
Fremont placed all of Missouri under martial law believing that slavery aided the guerrillas and that a direct strike at that institution would crush them. He issued his own "emancipation proclamation", declaring Missouri's slaves free, without informing President Lincoln. See the photos for the full text.
This act, of course, far exceeded the authority of his position.
When he found out what Fremont had done, Lincoln asked him to modify his proclamation to conform to official policy.
Fremont would refuse. This placed the president, who later called Fremont's act "dictatorial", in a very difficult political position. He could not risk alienating the conservatives in this crucial border state; yet he did not wish to upset the Radical Republicans who were pressing for abolition. The president felt he needed to be cautious as Union victories were not numerous enough to justify bold political actions. Within weeks, Fremont was relieved of his command and his proclamation was revoked.
Eight pages, never-trimmed margins, very nice condition.

Category: Yankee