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The Jay Treaty: preventing another war...
Item # 660402
July 13, 1795
INDEPENDENT CHRONICLE & UNIVERSAL ADVERTISER, Boston, July 9 and 13, 1795
* Jay's Treaty - John
* George Washington
A very significant pair of issues as they contain, in its entirety, the full text of the Jay Treaty, one of the more significant 18th century documents in American history.
Taking all of the front page and a bit of page 2 in the July 9,
concluding in the issue of the 13th taking all of the ftpg. and a bit of pg. 2 where it is signed in type by Grenville and John Jay.
Of significance also is page 2 of the July 13 issue also contains the report of the: "Conditional Ratification, on the Part of the United States", datelined from the Senate, June 24, 1795.
Although the Treaty of Paris ended the American War for Independence, the years following saw relations between America and England deteriorate precipitously. England refused to evacuate the frontier forts in the Northwest Territory; in addition, she seized American ships, forcing American sailors to serve in England's war against France. The United States, for her part, passed navigation laws that were potentially damaging to Great Britain. It was apparent that a commercial war between the two countries would undermine the health of the American economy.
The American statesman John Jay, pressed into service as special envoy, went to England to negotiate disagreements between the two governments. On November 19, 1794 Jay's Treaty was signed, averting the threat of war. The Treaty eliminated British control of western posts within two years, established America's claim for damages from British ship seizures, and provided America a limited right to trade in the West Indies. Although Jay's Treaty provoked a storm of controversy (Jay was burned in effigy by mobs of outraged Americans), President Washington pressed for ratification. The treaty passed the Senate in June, 1795 (credit: "Archiving Early America")
Each issue complete in 4 pages, never-trimmed margins, small binding holes at the blank spine, very nice condition. A handsome and displayable masthead.
Category: The 1600's and 1700's