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Layout for a colonial town in America... Print of a Patagonian penguin...

Item # 645598 THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE, London, October, 1769   Within this issue is an interesting article: "Plan for Settling New Colonies" which includes an illustration showing how a town in an American colony is best laid out with a "middle square", the "first street", "second street", location of houses and roads, etc. (see). The article describes how such towns are to be created, & includes: "...The design is to settle 124 families together in one town & to give each of them there sufficient ground for a house, barn and stable, a yard for poultry, a garden of one acre and land enough to keep one cow, all close to one another...The whole contains a portion of land 3 miles square with the town in the middle..." with more, taking over a page. It is very likely that many colonial towns in America used this plan and are still laid out as such. 
Also in this issue: "A Description of Constantinople" "Of Episcopal Confirmation" "An Account of a newly discovered Species of Penguins..." which includes a full page plate: "The Patagonian Pinquin". The other plate called for is lacking.
Near the back is the 'Historical Chronicle" with the latest news of the day & which includes a full column of "American News".
Complete in 48 pages with a full title/contents page featuring an engraving of St. John's Gate, 5 by 8 1/4 inches, ink smudging to the titlepg. only, nice condition.

A very nice magazine from during the midst of troubles leading to the Revolutionary War from the "mother country" with a wide range of varied content. This was the first periodical to use the word "magazine" in its title, having begun in 1731 and lasting until 1907.

Category: The 1600's and 1700's