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Preliminary Treaty of Peace ending the Revolutionary War...
Item # 642333 THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE, London, February, 1783 Certainly the prime content is the Preliminary Articles of Peace which lead to the formal end of the Revolutionary War. There were three treaties necessary: between England & France, between England & Spain, and between England and the 13 united colonies in America. This latter document was signed in Paris by Franklin, Adams, Jay, Laurens, & Oswald. The extremely favorable conditions included the British recognition of American independence, the specific boundaries of the United States territory, a restoration of rights & property to American Loyalists & the withdrawal of British forces from American territory, among other conditions. The formal treaty would be signed on September 3, 1783, the same day as the English treaties with France & Spain, all recognizing American independence among other conditions.
Among other items in this issue is a review of a book by Cornwallis concerning his involvement in the Revolutionary War: "An Answer to that Part of the Narrative of Lieut. General Sir Henry Clinton which relates to the Conduct of Lieut. General Earl Cornwallis during the Campaign in North America in the Year 1781. By Earl Cornwallis". It begins: "Earl Cornwallis has made as gallant a defence here as he did at York-town with this material difference: he was there obliged to surrender an indefensible post to the far superior forces of his enemies; but in this entrenchment, we think, he has been able to repulse the warm attacks of his commander in chief..." with much more.
Near the back is "Interesting Advices from America" which has 1 1/2 pages of reports from Charleston, Philadelphia, & New York. There is also a half page letter from Count Vergennes to General George Washington from July 29, 1782.
All 3 of the plates called for are present.
Complete in 88 pages, 5 by 8 1/4 inches, full title/contents page featuring an engraving of St. John's Gate, good condition.
A very nice magazine from the year the peace treaty was signed ending the Revolutionary War, with a wide range of varied content. This was the first periodical to use the word "magazine" in its title, having begun in 1731 and lasting until 1907.