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France recognizes the Declaration of Independence. Battle of Bennington... Washington at Valley Forge...



Item # 642281 GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE, London, March, 1778  Page 2 has an announcement of France's treaty with the colonies, which includes: "...The United States of North America, who are in full possession of independence as pronounced by them on the 4th of July, 1776..." with more.
Inside has: "Lieut. Col. St. Leger's Account of the Expedition on the Mohawk River" which includes an account of the British attack at "Oriska" upon troops led by Gen. Herkimer.
Also in this issue is an "Account of an Affair which happened near Walloon-Creek, 16th August. 1777" submitted by Lieut.-Col. Breyman, with some details about the fighting on August 16, plus there is another report under "Relation of the Expedition to Bennington" which has a chronology of events, and under "August 16" the account states in part: "...Lieut.-Col. Baum was assured they were royalists; but their numbers increasing, he...soon perceived he was surrounded by the rebels from Bennington, reinforced by a large detachment from Mr. Arnold's army. On a signal made by the rebels...he was attacked on all sides by superior numbers...", plus mention of a desperate sword battle and the retreat by the British.
Yet another report takes close to half a page with a: "...Letter from General Sir William Howe to Lord George Germaine...dated at Philadelphia the 19th of January, 1778" which gives the British situation at that point, and also includes: "...The enemy's army, excepting a detachment of 1200 men at Wilmington, is hutted in the woods near Valley forge upon the Schuykill, 26 miles from hence, and in a very strong position." This was the miserable winter of 1777-8 which caused the poorly clothed & poorly sheltered colonists to suffer so much at Valley Forge. Rare to find period mention of the American winter quarters at Valley Forge.
In the "Historical Chronicle" is a brief report stating: "Mess. Benjamin Franklin, Silas Deane, and Arthur Lee...had the honour to be presented to the French King...".
Included is the foldout canal map called for.
Complete in 48 pages, 5 1/1 by 8 1/4  inches, full title/contents page with an engraving  of St. John's Gate, great condition. Lacking the canal plate called for.

Category: The 1600's and 1700's

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