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Earliest of computers in 1947....



Item # 590448

January 31, 1947

THE NEW YORK TIMES, January 31, 1947

* Earliest of computers invention
* ENIAC high speed electronics


This 42 page newspaper has small one column headlines on page 5: "COMPUTERS BEAT BRAIN" and "New Electronic Devices Said to Be 100,000 Times Faster". See photos for text. Interesting reading on one of the earliest of computers, caveman technology compared of whats out there today. 

Other news, sports and advertisements of the day throughout. Rag edition in great condition.

wikipedia notes: ENIAC, short for Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer, was the first general-purpose electronic computer. Precisely, it was the first high-speed, purely electronic, Turing-complete, digital computer capable of being reprogrammed to solve a full range of computing problems, since earlier machines had been built with some of these properties. ENIAC was designed and built to calculate artillery firing tables for the U.S. Army's Ballistic Research Laboratory.


The contract was signed on June 5, 1943 and Project PX was constructed by the University of Pennsylvania's Moore School of Electrical Engineering from July, 1943. It was unveiled on February 14, 1946 at Penn, having cost almost $500,000. ENIAC was shut down on November 9, 1946 for a refurbishment and a memory upgrade, and was transferred to Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland in 1947. There, on July 29 of that year, it was turned on and would be in continuous operation until 11:45 p.m. on October 2, 1955.

ENIAC was conceived and designed by John Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert of the University of Pennsylvania. The team of design engineers assisting the development included Bob Shaw (function tables), Chuan Chu (divider/square-rooter), Kite Sharpless (master programmer), Arthur Burks (multiplier), Harry Huskey (reader/printer), and Jack Davis (accumulators).

Category: The 20th Century

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