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League of Nations...
Item # 583459
February 4, 1919
THE NEW YORK TIMES, New York, February 4, 1919
* League of Nations 1st meeting
* Paris France
This 24 page newspaper has a four column headline on the front page: "WILSON TELLS CHEERING DEPUTIES FRANCE IS YET FRONTIER OF FREEDOM; COMMITTEE GETS FULL LEAGUE PLAN" with many subheads (see photos). Lengthy text. Other news, sports and advertisements of the day are within.
Light browning, some spine wear, otherwise good condition. Should be handled with care. Complete.
wikipedia notes: The League of Nations (LoN) was an inter-governmental organization founded as a result of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919–1920. At its greatest extent from 28 September 1934 to 23 February 1935, it had 58 members. The League's goals included upholding the new found Rights of Man, disarmament, preventing war through collective security, settling disputes between countries through negotiation, diplomacy and improving global quality of life. The diplomatic philosophy behind the League represented a fundamental shift in thought from the preceding hundred years. The League lacked its own armed force and so depended on the Great Powers to enforce its resolutions, keep to economic sanctions which the League ordered, or provide an army, when needed, for the League to use. However, they were often reluctant to do so. Sanctions could also hurt the League members imposing the sanctions and given the anti-war attitude following World War I, countries were reluctant to take military action. When the League accused Benito Mussolini's soldiers of targeting red cross medical tents, Mussolini responded that Ethiopians are not fully human, therefore the human rights laws do not apply. Benito Mussolini stated that "The League is very well when sparrows shout, but no good at all when eagles fall out."
After a number of notable successes and some early failures in the 1920s, the League ultimately proved incapable of preventing aggression by the Axis powers in the 1930s. In May of 1933 the League was powerless to convince Hitler that Franz Bernheim, a Jew, was protected under the minority clauses established by the League in 1919. That all minorities were fully human and held equal rights among all men. Hitler claimed this violated Germany's sovereign rights. Germany withdrew from the League soon to be followed by many other nations then practicing genocide against minorities. The onset of Second World War suggested that the League had failed its primary purpose, which was to avoid any future world war. The United Nations replaced it after the end of the war and inherited a number of agencies and organizations founded by the League.
Category: The 20th Century