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Death of Joseph Priestley... with an unflattering remark...



Item # 555072

February 23, 1804

BOSTON GAZETTE, February 23, 1804  Listed among the page 2 "Deaths" is one that reads: "At Northumberland, (Penn.) the rev. Dr. Joseph Priestley, aged 71."
Includes a line from a "contemporary poet" & then paraphrases the line in describing Priestley: "We may say of the subject of our present obituary notice, though with less harmony: 'In philosophy a man--in politics a child.'"
Also has a letter from Thomas Cooper to Dr. Woodhouse with the news Priestley's death, concluding with: "P. S. Dr. P desired his son to inform you, that water imbided 760 times its bulk of alkaline air."
Other news of the day with some advertisements. First leaf has an archival mend to an irregular tear in unrelated text. Untrimmed.

wikipedia notes: Joseph Priestley (13 March 1733 (Old Style) – 6 February 1804) was an 18th-century British theologian, Dissenting clergyman, natural philosopher, educator, and political theorist who published over 150 works. He is usually credited with the discovery of oxygen, having isolated it in its gaseous state, although Carl Wilhelm Scheele and Antoine Lavoisier also have a claim to the discovery.[2]

During his lifetime, Priestley's considerable scientific reputation rested on his invention of soda water, his writings on electricity, and his discovery of several "airs" (gases), the most famous being what Priestley dubbed "dephlogisticated air" (oxygen). However, Priestley's determination to defend phlogiston theory and to reject what would become the Chemical Revolution eventually left him isolated within the scientific community.

Priestley's science was integral to his theology, and he consistently tried to fuse Enlightenment rationalism with Christian theism.[3] In his metaphysical texts, Priestley attempted to combine theism, materialism, and determinism, a project that has been called "audacious and original".[4] He believed that a proper understanding of the natural world would promote human progress and eventually bring about the Christian Millennium.[4] Priestley, who strongly believed in the free and open exchange of ideas, advocated toleration and equal rights for religious Dissenters, which also led him to help found Unitarianism in England. The controversial nature of Priestley's publications combined with his outspoken support of the French Revolution aroused public and governmental suspicion; he was eventually forced to flee to the United States after a mob burned down his home and church in 1791.

A scholar and teacher throughout his life, Priestley also made significant contributions to pedagogy, including the publication of a seminal work on English grammar and the invention of modern historiography. These educational writings were some of Priestley's most popular works. It was his metaphysical works, however, that had the most lasting influence: leading philosophers including Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, and Herbert Spencer credit them among the primary sources for utilitarianism.

Category: Pre-Civil War

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