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Newspaper by first Jew to reach national prominence...



Item # 538453

February 13, 1828

NEW YORK ENQUIRER FOR THE COUNTRY, Feb. 15, 1828 

* Mordecai Noah: Jewish newspaper publisher
* 1st Jew born in U.S. to rise to national prominence


This newspaper was published by Mordecai Manuel Noah who is credited with being the first Jew born in the United States to reach national prominence.

With his last name of Noah he though it appropriate to have an engraving of Noah's ark in the masthead (see photos). 

One of his earlier positions was a post with the State Dept. as Consul to the Kingdom of Tunis where he rescued American citizens kept as slaves by Morroccan masters. Allegedly, Noah was removed from this position because, in the words of Secretary of State James Monroe, his religion was "...an obstacle to the excercise of [his] Consular function...". His firing caused outrage among Jews and non-Jews alike.

In 1819 Noah wrote a play, "She Would Be a Soldier", establishing him as America's first important Jewish American writer.

In 1820 Noah tried to found a Jewish homeland at Grand Island in the Niagara River to be called Ararat. (credit: Wikipedia)

This newspaper by Noah lasted for only 3 years.
Complete in 4 pages, various news and ads of the day, nice condition.

source: wikipedia: Mordecai Manuel Noah (July 14, 1785, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,- May 22, 1851, New York) was an American playwright, diplomat, journalist, and utopian. Born in a family of Portuguese Sephardic ancestry; he was the first Jew born in the United States to reach national prominence.

Noah engaged in trade and law, but when removing to Charleston, South Carolina, dedicated himself to politics.

 
Noah's book Travels in England, France, Spain, and the Barbary States, in the Years 1813-14 and 15
In 1811, he was appointed by President James Madison as consul at Riga, then part of Imperial Russia, but declined, and, in 1813, was nominated Consul to the Kingdom of Tunis, where he rescued American citizens kept as slaves by Morroccan masters. Allegedly, Noah was removed from this position because, in the words of US Secretary of State James Monroe, his religion was "an obstacle to the exercise of [his] Consular function." The firing caused outrage among Jews and non-Jews alike.

Manuel Noah moved to New York, where he founded and edited The National Advertiser, The New York Enquirer (later merged into The Courier and Enquirer), The Evening Star, and The Sunday Times newspapers.

 
In his letter to Noah dated May 28, 1818, former President Thomas Jefferson sheds light on the nature of democracy and his own faith in humankind
In 1819, Noah's most successful play, She Would Be a Soldier, was produced. That play has since established Noah as America's first important Jewish American writer. She Would Be a Soldier is now included in college level anthologies.

 
1844 Discourse on the Restoration of the Jews by M.M.Noah, page 1. The page 2 shows the map of the Land of Israel
In 1820, in a precursor to modern Zionism, he tried to found a Jewish homeland at Grand Island in the Niagara River, to be called "Ararat," after Mount Ararat, the Biblical resting place of Noah's Ark. He erected a monument at the island which read "Ararat, a City of Refuge for the Jews, founded by Mordecai M. Noah in the Month of Tishri, 5586 (September, 1825) and in the Fiftieth Year of American Independence." Some have speculated whether Noah's utopian ideas may have influenced Joseph Smith, who founded the Latter Day Saint movement in Upstate New York a few years later. In his Discourse on the Restoration of the Jews Noah proclaimed his faith that the Jews would return and rebuild their ancient homeland. Noah called on America to take the lead in this endeavor.

From 1827-1828, Noah led New York City's Tammany Hall political machine.

MacArthur Award-winning cartoonist Ben Katchor fictionalized Noah's scheme for Grand Island in his The Jew of New York. Noah is also a minor characher in Gore Vidal's 1973 novel Burr.

The modern edition of Noah's writings is The Selected Writings of Mordecai Noah edited by Michael Schuldiner and Daniel Kleinfeld, and published by Greenwood Press.

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